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Wednesday, March 10, 2010

thirumayam



திருமயம் உங்களை இனிதே வரவேற்கிறது!

Welcome to Thirumayam Online!







Thirumayam is a place of historical importance. Miles before reaching the town one can see a fort atop a large hill.







There are two famous rock-cut shrines, one for Siva and the other for Vishnu, adjacent to each other. The Siva cave temple is older among the two.
The Vishnu temple is very venerated and considered second only to the temple at Srirangam . Closer to the rock-cut shrine of Siva is a large area dressed to take one of the largest inscriptions.

The famous freedom fighter S. Sathyamoorthi was born in Thirumayam in 1887.









History of Thirumayam

Picture



The earliest monument, the Siva cave temple is assigned to first half of 7th century AD on epigraphical evidences and its architectural style.






The earliest monument, the Siva cave temple is assigned to first half of 7th century AD on epigraphical evidences and its architectural style.
The Vishnu cave temple may be ascribed to a date not latter than the first half of the 8th century.Thirumayam later formed part of the territories of the imperial Chozhas.In the 12th and 13th centuries, the Hoysala-s ruled this place, first as the allies of the Chozha and later of the Pandya-s. Two inscriptions here refer to Appanna, a Danda-nayaka of the Hoysala army, who, while returning from his victorious march to Rameswaram, presided over an important tribunal, held at Thirumayam to settle a longstanding dispute between the trustees of the Vishnu and Siva temples.
In the 12th and 13th centuries,
In the 13th century, Thirumayam passed under Pandya rule, and there are inscriptions dated in the reigns of Mara-varman Sundara Pandya II , Jatavarman Veera Pandya III , Jatavarman Parakrama Pandya , and an unidentified Veera Pandya . The Vijayanagara inscriptions are dated in the reigns of Virupaksha I and Krishnadeva-raya (15th and 16th century AD). In the 16th century, the chiefs of Chooraikkudi administered Thirumayam. In the 16th and 17th centuries, the town was a northern outpost of the territories of the Sethupathi of Ramanathapuram , but was directly administered by the Pallava-rayar-s. About the year 1686, Vijaya Raghunatha , popularly known as Kizhavan Sethupathi , of Ramanathapuram, brother-in-law of Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman made over to the latter the area of Thirumayam. Sethupathi Thanda-thevan confirmed this cession in 1723 in return for military help that he received from the Tondaiman against Bhavani Sankar , a rival claimant to the chief ship of Ramanathapuram.













In 1733, Thirumayam was the only place of refuge left to the Tondaiman when the Thanjavur general Ananda Rao overran the whole of the Pudukkottai country. Here Vijaya Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman lay besieged for about a year until Ananda Rao raised the siege and retired. In 1755, The Raja of Thanjavur submitted to the East India Company a claim for Thirumayam, but did not seriously maintain the claim. There is an unauthenticated tradition that, at the time of the ‘Poligar War’ of 1799, the famous Katta-bomman of Panchalankurichchi and his dumb brother had taken refuge in the jungles of Tondaiman territory near Thirukkalambur . They were captured by the Tondaiman and imprisoned for a time in the Thirumayam fort. He then handed over them to the English. During the second ‘Poligar War’, Thirumayam was a depot for Lieutenant Colonel Agnew’s army.


The MONUMENTS

Thirumayam is a place of historical importance and contains three celebrated monuments. They are the Thirumayam Fort and the famous rock-cut shrines of Siva and Vishnu, hewn out of the same rock. The old fort-entrance is also a noteworthy structure. The Vishnu temple is closer to the diversion road and the Siva temple is to west of this. The Siva temple is in the eastern side of the Vishnu shrine.


Protection
Thirumayam Fort, Siva and Vishnu temples are protected and controlled by
Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) and are declared as National Monuments. The following links provide more details about ASI's participation.









Tirumayam Fort, Pudukkottai
Sethupati Vijaya Raghunatha Tevan (1673-1708) of Ramanathapuram, popularly known as Kilavan Sethupati, built this fortification on and around the small hillock at Tirumayam in Pudukkottai district. The fort later came under the control of Tondaiman rulers of Pudukkottai. It has a main gateway on the east in the lowermost wall with shrines for guardian deities like Ganesa, Hanuman and Bhairava. There is a moat around the lower wall. On the top of the rock is bastion with cannon of British origin. The construction of the fort is of inferior quality as small blocks of stones were used along with bricks for the crenulations of the fortification. However, on the other side of the rock are located three rock-cut temples, two of them dedicated to Siva and the third to Vishnu, which are historically and religiously more important.

Rock-cut Vishnu temple (Satyamurthi Perumal temple)

This cave temple dedicated to Vishnu is a Muttaraiyar excavation as attested by an inscription recording the renovation of the temple and an endowment by Perumbidugu Perumdevi, mother of Sattan Maran also called Videlvidugu Viluperadiaraiyan, a contemporary and vassal of Pallava king Nandivarman II Pallavamalla (AD 731-796). Nevertheless, the temple is slightly older and dated to closing decades of seventh century.

The temple consists of an ardha-mandapa in front of a rectangular sanctum. In the sanctum there is beautiful and vibrant depictions of Anantasayi Vishnu recumbent on the serpent Adisesha with Lakshmi seated on his breast. He is being shown surrounded by other deities like Garuda, Chitragupta, Markandeya, Brahma, the Devas, the Vasus, and the Kinnaras. There are two demons near the feet of the gods and sheltered there is Bhudevi.

Tirumangai Alvar, a Vaishnava saint of 8th cenutury AD had sung about this deity. There are number of other structures in the complex of later periods.

Some of the bronzes, now preserved in the temple, dates back to 8th-9th century AD.

Open from 9.00 am to 5.30 pm

Entrance Fee:

Citizens of India and visitors of SAARC (Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Maldives and Afghanistan) and BIMSTEC Countries (Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Myanmar) - Rs. 5 per head.

Rock-cut Vishnu temple (Satyamurthi Perumal temple)
This cave temple dedicated to Vishnu is a Muttaraiyar excavation as attested by an inscription recording the renovation of the temple and an endowment by Perumbidugu Perumdevi, mother of Sattan Maran also called Videlvidugu Viluperadiaraiyan, a contemporary and vassal of Pallava king Nandivarman II Pallavamalla (AD 731-796). Nevertheless, the temple is slightly older and dated to closing decades of seventh century.

The temple consists of an ardha-mandapa in front of a rectangular sanctum. In the sanctum there is beautiful and vibrant depictions of Anantasayi Vishnu recumbent on the serpent Adisesha with Lakshmi seated on his breast. He is being shown surrounded by other deities like Garuda, Chitragupta, Markandeya, Brahma, the Devas, the Vasus, and the Kinnaras. There are two demons near the feet of the gods and sheltered there is Bhudevi.

Tirumangai Alvar, a Vaishnava saint of 8th cenutury AD had sung about this deity. There are number of other structures in the complex of later periods.

Some of the bronzes, now preserved in the temple, dates back to 8th-9th century AD.

Open from 9.00 am to 5.30 pm

Entrance Fee:

Citizens of India and visitors of SAARC (Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Maldives and Afghanistan) and BIMSTEC Countries (Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Myanmar) - Rs. 5 per head.
Rock-cut Siva temple, (Satyagirisvara temple)
The cave-temple dedicated to Siva seems to be a Pandyan excavation in the 7th-8th century AD. The cave-temple has a sanctum with a lingam cut out of the parent rock opening sideways into the ardha-mandapa. The ardha-mandapa has the pillar with square top and bottom portion with intervening octagonal shaft. There are bas-reliefs of Lingodhbhava opposite the sanctum and a Ganesa in the ardha-mandapa. A figure of nandi was also carved out of the parent rock in the ardha-mandapa. There is pair of dvarapalas guarding the entrance of the sanctum.

The most significant feature of the monument is the occurrence of traces of an inscription on music like the one preserved in full at Kudumiyanmalai. Unfortunately, this inscription was obliterated in the 13th century. The space was used for engraving an inscription recording the award of the tribunal by Hoysala general Appanna in the feud between the trustees of this temple and the adjacent Vishnu temple. Nevertheless, some of the letters in the Grantham script giving the svaras (notes) and the (colophon parivadhinida (parvadhini, a stringed instrument) and the name Gunasena in contemporary Tamil characters are still discernable. There are few other inscriptions of later periods in this temple. There are number of other structures built around this cave-temple in the subsequent periods.

Visiting Thirumayam

Thirumayam lies 20 km south of Pudukkottai, on the road from that town toKaraikudi. This is actually National Highway NH-210, which connects Tiruchirapalliand Rameshwaram.

Thirumayam is well connected by road and rail. The nearest rail head is at Pudukkottai. Bus facility is available from major cities and many other places.

Accommodations:
Pudukkottai : Click Here!
Karaikudi: Click here!

Bus terminal: Thirumayam
Railway Station (Passenger) : Thirumayam
Railway Station (Express) : Pudukkottai (20 km)

Airports (Domestic) :
Trichy Airport (Web site, 65 km)
Directions from Trichy Airport - Thirumyam (Google maps)

Madurai Airport (Web site, 116 Km)
Directions from Madurai Airport - Thirumayam (Google maps)

Airports (International):
Chennai International Airport (Web site, 378 km)
Directions from Chennai airport - Thirumayam (Google maps)

Bangalore International Airport(Web site, 440 km)
Directions from Bangalore airport - Thriumayam (Google maps)





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संस्‍कृति मंत्रालय के अधीन भारतीय पुरातत्‍व सर्वेक्षण (भा.पु.स.) राष्‍ट्र की सांस्‍कृतिक विरासतों के पुरातत्‍वीय अनुसंधान तथा संरक्षण के लिए एक प्रमुख संगठन है । भारतीय पुरातत्‍व सर्वेक्षण का प्रमुख कार्य राष्‍ट्रीय महत्‍व के प्राचीन स्‍मारकों तथा पुरातत्‍वीय स्‍थलों और अवशेषों का रखरखाव करना है । इसके अतिरिक्‍त, प्राचीन संस्‍मारक तथा पुरातत्‍वीय स्‍थल और अवशेष अधिनियम, 1958 के प्रावधानों के अनुसार यह देश में सभी पुरातत्‍वीय गतिविधियों को विनियमित करता है । यह पुरावशेष तथा बहुमूल्‍य कलाकृति अधिनियम, 1972 को भी विनियमित करता है ।
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Home > Monuments  > Ticketed Monuments > Tamil Nadu > Rock-cut Siva temple
Ticketed Monuments - Tamil Nadu
Rock-cut Siva temple, (Satyagirisvara temple)
The cave-temple dedicated to Siva seems to be a Pandyan excavation in the 7th-8th century AD. The cave-temple has a sanctum with a lingam cut out of the parent rock opening sideways into the ardha-mandapa. The ardha-mandapa has the pillar with square top and bottom portion with intervening octagonal shaft. There are bas-reliefs of Lingodhbhava opposite the sanctum and a Ganesa in the ardha-mandapa. A figure of nandi was also carved out of the parent rock in the ardha-mandapa. There is pair of dvarapalas guarding the entrance of the sanctum.

The most significant feature of the monument is the occurrence of traces of an inscription on music like the one preserved in full at Kudumiyanmalai. Unfortunately, this inscription was obliterated in the 13th century. The space was used for engraving an inscription recording the award of the tribunal by Hoysala general Appanna in the feud between the trustees of this temple and the adjacent Vishnu temple. Nevertheless, some of the letters in the Grantham script giving the svaras (notes) and the (colophon parivadhinida (parvadhini, a stringed instrument) and the name Gunasena in contemporary Tamil characters are still discernable. There are few other inscriptions of later periods in this temple. There are number of other structures built around this cave-temple in the subsequent periods.

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परिचय
संस्‍कृति मंत्रालय के अधीन भारतीय पुरातत्‍व सर्वेक्षण (भा.पु.स.) राष्‍ट्र की सांस्‍कृतिक विरासतों के पुरातत्‍वीय अनुसंधान तथा संरक्षण के लिए एक प्रमुख संगठन है । भारतीय पुरातत्‍व सर्वेक्षण का प्रमुख कार्य राष्‍ट्रीय महत्‍व के प्राचीन स्‍मारकों तथा पुरातत्‍वीय स्‍थलों और अवशेषों का रखरखाव करना है । इसके अतिरिक्‍त, प्राचीन संस्‍मारक तथा पुरातत्‍वीय स्‍थल और अवशेष अधिनियम, 1958 के प्रावधानों के अनुसार यह देश में सभी पुरातत्‍वीय गतिविधियों को विनियमित करता है । यह पुरावशेष तथा बहुमूल्‍य कलाकृति अधिनियम, 1972 को भी विनियमित करता है ।
ABOUT US
The Archaeological Survey of India, under the Ministry of Culture, is the premier organization for the archaeological researches and protection of the cultural heritage of the nation. know about Activities, History and Organization.
स्मारक
भारतीय पुरातत्‍व सर्वेक्षण प्राचीन संस्‍मारक तथा पुरातत्‍वीय स्‍थल और अवशेष अधिनियम, 1958 के अधीन राष्‍ट्रीय महत्‍व के स्‍मारकों, स्‍थलों तथा अवशेषों के संरक्षण के संबंध में आपत्‍तियां, यदि कोई हो, आमंत्रित करते हुए दो महीने का नोटिस देता है । दो माह की निर्दिष्‍ट अवधि के पश्‍चात् तथा इस संबंध में आपत्‍तियां यदि कोई प्राप्‍त होती है, की छानबीन करने के पश्‍चात् भारतीय पुरातत्‍व सर्वेक्षण किसी स्‍मारक को अपने संरक्षणाधीन लेने का निर्णय करता है ।
MONUMENTS
include temples, mosques, tombs, churches, cemeteries, forts, palaces, step-wells, rock-cut caves, and secular architecture as well as ancient mounds and sites which represent the remains of ancient habitation. explore.
प्रकाशन
भारतीय पुरातत्‍व सर्वेक्षण अपने प्रारंभ से ही, दोनों वार्षिक तथा विशेष विषयों के प्रकाशन निकालता है जो पुरालेखीय तथा मुद्रा विषयक के अलावा, उत्‍खननों में पुरातत्‍वीय अनुसंधानों, मंदिरों तथा धार्मिक भवनों के अन्‍वेषणों, संरक्षण, वास्‍तुशिल्‍पी सर्वेक्षण से संबंधित होते हैं । इनके अलावा, सर्वेक्षण केन्‍द्रीय संरक्षित स्‍मारकों और पुरातत्‍वीय स्‍थलों पर लोकप्रिय साहित्‍य को गाइड बुक, फोल्‍डर/ब्राशर, फोर्टफोलियो तथा पिक्‍चर पोस्‍टकार्ड के रूप में निकालता है ।
PUBLICATIONS
The Archaeological Survey of India brings out a variety of publications since its inception, both annual and special with subject matters ranging from archaeological researches in excavations, explorations, conservation, architectural survey of temples and secular buildings besides epigraphy and numismatics.
पुरातत्व संस्थान
पुरातत्‍व संस्‍थान की स्‍थापना वर्ष 1985 में पुरातत्‍व, पुरालेख मुद्रा शास्‍त्र, संग्रहालय विज्ञान, संरक्षण, पुरातत्‍व विषयक कानून आदि के बहु विषयक क्षेत्र में उन्‍नत प्रशिक्षण प्रदान करने के लिए 1959 में स्‍थापित किए गए स्‍कूल ऑफ आर्किलॉजी का उन्‍नयन करके की गई थी । संस्‍थान में चलाए जाने वाला पुरातत्‍व में स्‍नातकोत्‍तर डिप्‍लोमा दो वर्ष की अवधि का है । यह संस्‍थान के संकाय सदस्‍यों तथा गेस्‍ट लेक्‍चररों के रूप में देश के प्रसिद्ध पुरातत्‍वविदों द्वारा चलाया जाता है।
INSTITUTE OF ARCHAEOLOGY
imparting advanced training in multidisciplinary field of Archaeology, Epigraphy, Numismatics, Museology, Conservation, Antiquarian law, etc. The Post Graduate Diplomain Archaeology course, conducted in the Institute is of two years duration. Know more about Institute, PGDA & Syllabus etc.
विदेशों में गतिविधियाँ
सर्वेक्षण के पुरात्‍वीय प्रयास उप महाद्वीप की सीमाओं के बाहर किए गए और विदेशों में इसके सभी अभियान उत्‍कृष्‍ट रहे हैं ।
ACTIVITIES ABROAD
Archaeological endeavours of the Survey extended beyond the frontiers of the subcontinent and have excelled in all its expeditions abroad.
संग्रहालय
भारत में संग्रहालयों की अवधारणा पीछे ऐतिहासिक कालों की मानी जा सकती है जिनमें चित्रशाला (चित्र दीर्घा) के संदर्भों का उल्‍लेख है । तथापि, भारत में संग्रहालय आन्‍दोलन का विकास परवर्ती कालों में उसी प्रकार हुआ जिस प्रकार यूरोप में हुआ ।
ASI MUSEUMS
A separate Museums Branch in ASI was created in 1946 by Mortimer Wheeler. After the independence, there was a spurt in the growth of site museums in ASI. At present there are 41 site museums under the control of ASI.
राष्ट्रीय मिशन - स्मारक चिह्न एंव प्राचीन कालीन वस्तु
भारत के पास प्रागैतिहासिक समय से निर्मित विरासत, पुरातत्‍वीय स्‍थलों तथा अवशेषों के रूप में असाधारण रूप से मूल्‍यवान, विस्‍तृत तथा विविध सांस्‍कृतिक विरासत हैं । बड़ी संख्‍या में स्‍मारक ही उत्‍साहवर्धक हैं तथा ये सांस्कृतिक विचार तथा विकास दोनों के प्रतीक हैं । अब ऐसा प्रतीत होता है कि भारत की विरासत को संस्‍थापित करना इसके विद्यमान होने में शासित प्रक्रिया तथा किस तरह यह विरासत लोगों से संबंधित है, के अतीत के हमारे ज्ञान, समझ तथा शायद रुचि में कुछ मूलभूत कमी हुई है जो सांस्‍कृतिक रूपों में व्‍यक्‍त इसके आविर्भाव औद्योगिक वृद्धि के युग में तेजी से बदल रही जीवन शैली में अपनी पारम्‍परिक महत्‍ता को खो रहे हैं ।
NATIONAL MISSION on Monuments and Antiquities
India has an extraordinarily rich, vast and diverse cultural heritage in the form of built heritage, archaeological sites and remains since prehistoric times. The sheer magnitude in number alone is overwhelming and these are the symbols of both cultural expression and evolution.
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Home > Monuments  > Ticketed Monuments > Tamil Nadu > Rock-cut Vishnu temple
Ticketed Monuments - Tamil Nadu
Rock-cut Vishnu temple (Satyamurthi Perumal temple)
This cave temple dedicated to Vishnu is a Muttaraiyar excavation as attested by an inscription recording the renovation of the temple and an endowment by Perumbidugu Perumdevi, mother of Sattan Maran also called Videlvidugu Viluperadiaraiyan, a contemporary and vassal of Pallava king Nandivarman II Pallavamalla (AD 731-796). Nevertheless, the temple is slightly older and dated to closing decades of seventh century.

The temple consists of an ardha-mandapa in front of a rectangular sanctum. In the sanctum there is beautiful and vibrant depictions of Anantasayi Vishnu recumbent on the serpent Adisesha with Lakshmi seated on his breast. He is being shown surrounded by other deities like Garuda, Chitragupta, Markandeya, Brahma, the Devas, the Vasus, and the Kinnaras. There are two demons near the feet of the gods and sheltered there is Bhudevi.

Tirumangai Alvar, a Vaishnava saint of 8th cenutury AD had sung about this deity. There are number of other structures in the complex of later periods.

Some of the bronzes, now preserved in the temple, dates back to 8th-9th century AD.

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परिचय
संस्‍कृति मंत्रालय के अधीन भारतीय पुरातत्‍व सर्वेक्षण (भा.पु.स.) राष्‍ट्र की सांस्‍कृतिक विरासतों के पुरातत्‍वीय अनुसंधान तथा संरक्षण के लिए एक प्रमुख संगठन है । भारतीय पुरातत्‍व सर्वेक्षण का प्रमुख कार्य राष्‍ट्रीय महत्‍व के प्राचीन स्‍मारकों तथा पुरातत्‍वीय स्‍थलों और अवशेषों का रखरखाव करना है । इसके अतिरिक्‍त, प्राचीन संस्‍मारक तथा पुरातत्‍वीय स्‍थल और अवशेष अधिनियम, 1958 के प्रावधानों के अनुसार यह देश में सभी पुरातत्‍वीय गतिविधियों को विनियमित करता है । यह पुरावशेष तथा बहुमूल्‍य कलाकृति अधिनियम, 1972 को भी विनियमित करता है ।
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स्मारक
भारतीय पुरातत्‍व सर्वेक्षण प्राचीन संस्‍मारक तथा पुरातत्‍वीय स्‍थल और अवशेष अधिनियम, 1958 के अधीन राष्‍ट्रीय महत्‍व के स्‍मारकों, स्‍थलों तथा अवशेषों के संरक्षण के संबंध में आपत्‍तियां, यदि कोई हो, आमंत्रित करते हुए दो महीने का नोटिस देता है । दो माह की निर्दिष्‍ट अवधि के पश्‍चात् तथा इस संबंध में आपत्‍तियां यदि कोई प्राप्‍त होती है, की छानबीन करने के पश्‍चात् भारतीय पुरातत्‍व सर्वेक्षण किसी स्‍मारक को अपने संरक्षणाधीन लेने का निर्णय करता है ।
MONUMENTS
include temples, mosques, tombs, churches, cemeteries, forts, palaces, step-wells, rock-cut caves, and secular architecture as well as ancient mounds and sites which represent the remains of ancient habitation. explore.
प्रकाशन
भारतीय पुरातत्‍व सर्वेक्षण अपने प्रारंभ से ही, दोनों वार्षिक तथा विशेष विषयों के प्रकाशन निकालता है जो पुरालेखीय तथा मुद्रा विषयक के अलावा, उत्‍खननों में पुरातत्‍वीय अनुसंधानों, मंदिरों तथा धार्मिक भवनों के अन्‍वेषणों, संरक्षण, वास्‍तुशिल्‍पी सर्वेक्षण से संबंधित होते हैं । इनके अलावा, सर्वेक्षण केन्‍द्रीय संरक्षित स्‍मारकों और पुरातत्‍वीय स्‍थलों पर लोकप्रिय साहित्‍य को गाइड बुक, फोल्‍डर/ब्राशर, फोर्टफोलियो तथा पिक्‍चर पोस्‍टकार्ड के रूप में निकालता है ।
PUBLICATIONS
The Archaeological Survey of India brings out a variety of publications since its inception, both annual and special with subject matters ranging from archaeological researches in excavations, explorations, conservation, architectural survey of temples and secular buildings besides epigraphy and numismatics.
पुरातत्व संस्थान
पुरातत्‍व संस्‍थान की स्‍थापना वर्ष 1985 में पुरातत्‍व, पुरालेख मुद्रा शास्‍त्र, संग्रहालय विज्ञान, संरक्षण, पुरातत्‍व विषयक कानून आदि के बहु विषयक क्षेत्र में उन्‍नत प्रशिक्षण प्रदान करने के लिए 1959 में स्‍थापित किए गए स्‍कूल ऑफ आर्किलॉजी का उन्‍नयन करके की गई थी । संस्‍थान में चलाए जाने वाला पुरातत्‍व में स्‍नातकोत्‍तर डिप्‍लोमा दो वर्ष की अवधि का है । यह संस्‍थान के संकाय सदस्‍यों तथा गेस्‍ट लेक्‍चररों के रूप में देश के प्रसिद्ध पुरातत्‍वविदों द्वारा चलाया जाता है।
INSTITUTE OF ARCHAEOLOGY
imparting advanced training in multidisciplinary field of Archaeology, Epigraphy, Numismatics, Museology, Conservation, Antiquarian law, etc. The Post Graduate Diplomain Archaeology course, conducted in the Institute is of two years duration. Know more about Institute, PGDA & Syllabus etc.
विदेशों में गतिविधियाँ
सर्वेक्षण के पुरात्‍वीय प्रयास उप महाद्वीप की सीमाओं के बाहर किए गए और विदेशों में इसके सभी अभियान उत्‍कृष्‍ट रहे हैं ।
ACTIVITIES ABROAD
Archaeological endeavours of the Survey extended beyond the frontiers of the subcontinent and have excelled in all its expeditions abroad.
संग्रहालय
भारत में संग्रहालयों की अवधारणा पीछे ऐतिहासिक कालों की मानी जा सकती है जिनमें चित्रशाला (चित्र दीर्घा) के संदर्भों का उल्‍लेख है । तथापि, भारत में संग्रहालय आन्‍दोलन का विकास परवर्ती कालों में उसी प्रकार हुआ जिस प्रकार यूरोप में हुआ ।
ASI MUSEUMS
A separate Museums Branch in ASI was created in 1946 by Mortimer Wheeler. After the independence, there was a spurt in the growth of site museums in ASI. At present there are 41 site museums under the control of ASI.
राष्ट्रीय मिशन - स्मारक चिह्न एंव प्राचीन कालीन वस्तु
भारत के पास प्रागैतिहासिक समय से निर्मित विरासत, पुरातत्‍वीय स्‍थलों तथा अवशेषों के रूप में असाधारण रूप से मूल्‍यवान, विस्‍तृत तथा विविध सांस्‍कृतिक विरासत हैं । बड़ी संख्‍या में स्‍मारक ही उत्‍साहवर्धक हैं तथा ये सांस्कृतिक विचार तथा विकास दोनों के प्रतीक हैं । अब ऐसा प्रतीत होता है कि भारत की विरासत को संस्‍थापित करना इसके विद्यमान होने में शासित प्रक्रिया तथा किस तरह यह विरासत लोगों से संबंधित है, के अतीत के हमारे ज्ञान, समझ तथा शायद रुचि में कुछ मूलभूत कमी हुई है जो सांस्‍कृतिक रूपों में व्‍यक्‍त इसके आविर्भाव औद्योगिक वृद्धि के युग में तेजी से बदल रही जीवन शैली में अपनी पारम्‍परिक महत्‍ता को खो रहे हैं ।
NATIONAL MISSION on Monuments and Antiquities
India has an extraordinarily rich, vast and diverse cultural heritage in the form of built heritage, archaeological sites and remains since prehistoric times. The sheer magnitude in number alone is overwhelming and these are the symbols of both cultural expression and evolution.
About Us
Monuments
Excavation
Conservation and Preservation
Epigraphical Studies
Museums
Legislation
Publications
Training
Central Antiquity Collection
Central Antiquity Collection
Central Archaeological Library
Underwater Archaeology
Activities Abroad
Horticulture
Photo Gallery
Walkthrough
Video
RTI Act
Home > Monuments  > Ticketed Monuments > Tamil Nadu > Tirumayam Fort, Pudukkottai
Ticketed Monuments - Tamil Nadu
Tirumayam Fort, Pudukkottai
Sethupati Vijaya Raghunatha Tevan (1673-1708) of Ramanathapuram, popularly known as Kilavan Sethupati, built this fortification on and around the small hillock at Tirumayam in Pudukkottai district. The fort later came under the control of Tondaiman rulers of Pudukkottai. It has a main gateway on the east in the lowermost wall with shrines for guardian deities like Ganesa, Hanuman and Bhairava. There is a moat around the lower wall. On the top of the rock is bastion with cannon of British origin. The construction of the fort is of inferior quality as small blocks of stones were used along with bricks for the crenulations of the fortification. However, on the other side of the rock are located three rock-cut temples, two of them dedicated to Siva and the third to Vishnu, which are historically and religiously more important.

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Copyright © 2011 Archaeological Survey of India, Government of India
Site Designed & Maintained by Indira Gandhi National Center for the Arts